Even though melanoma is becoming ever more common, many people do not realise the risk which they are at and in some cases this can be fatal. The reality is that cancerous moles are often more elusive than we think. At the same time, the fact that a person is not at higher risk does not mean that he/she is perfectly safe. Find out more about the risk of this type of cancer and discover whether you are taking adequate measures for protection.
Cancerous Moles Don't Discriminate
It is true that people with fair complexion, those with freckles and those with many benign moles are more likely to get melanoma. However, this does not mean that everyone else is perfectly safe.
This type of cancer is rarer, but can still occur in people with darker skin and darker hair. Furthermore, some research studies show that they may be at greater risk of non-melanoma skin cancer.
One huge misconception is that only older people can have cancerous moles. This is definitely not the case. The statistics clearly show that the number of people between 18 and 40 diagnosed with melanoma has increased dramatically over the past decade. This may be due to the greater exposure of young people to the sun and due to the extensive use of tanning beds.
It is important to note that sun damage can occur at any age. If this happens, cancer may develop at any time. Unfortunately, researchers still do not know what triggers melanoma precisely even though it is a fact that it is typically caused by UV damage.
Cancerous Moles and Your Level of Protection
The best protective measures which you can get are to avoid tanning beds and to avoid exposure to the sun between 11 in the morning and 3 in the afternoon. The latter part is more difficult to keep especially if you love outdoor hobbies a lot.
If you will be expose to the sun for over half an hour, you need to cover as much of the skin with clothing as possible. It is extremely important to protect your head, face and ears by wearing a hat with a wide brim.
You should definitely apply sunscreen as it can prevent the damaging UV rays form penetrating your skin. It is best if you use a product with SPF30 or higher. You should apply it on all parts of the body that may get exposed to the sun around twenty minutes before you go out. You need to reapply the sunscreen ever two hours when you are out.
It is equally important for you to get regular dermatological checks for cancerous moles.